http://ojs.mediu.edu.my/index.php/arrasikhun/issue/feed Arrasikhun Journal 2019-03-25T11:41:31+08:00 Asst. Prof. Dr. Tayeb Mebrouki Tayeb.Mebrouki@mediu.edu.my Open Journal Systems <div style="direction: ltr;"> <p><img src="/public/site/images/ojsadmin/cover_issue_25_en_US1.jpg" alt=""></p> <p><strong>Arrasikhun Journal :</strong></p> <p>Biannual scientific journal, and published its scientific articles on its website at the Internet.&nbsp;</p> </div> http://ojs.mediu.edu.my/index.php/arrasikhun/article/view/1978 تصور مقترح لتطوير الأنشطة اللاصفية في اللغة العربية في ضوء متطلبات تنمية الإبداع لدى طلاب المرحلة الابتدائية في المملكة العربية السعودية . 2019-02-04T14:36:36+08:00 فايز محمد الجهني Fayez.orf@hotmail.com أمل محمود إبراهيم Fayez.orf@hotmail.com <p><strong>Title of Study </strong>: A Proposed Concept for the Development of Extracurricular Activities in the Arabic Language in Light of the Requirements for Developing Creativity among Primary School Students in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.</p> <p><strong>Objectives of the Study</strong>: The aim of this study was to identify the necessary requirements for the development of creativity among primary school students in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia through extracurricular activities, as well as to identify obstacles to students' practice of extracurricular activities and to identify the bases and procedures for the proposed scenario for the development of extracurricular activities in Arabic Light requirements for the development of creativity.</p> <p><strong>Study Sample</strong> : The current study identified the spatial boundaries in Madinah Al Munawwarah area.</p> <p>The researcher used the descriptive analytical method in the treatment of the subject of the present study. The researcher used the method of Delphi to reach a consensus among the supervisors of student activity in the educational offices in Madinah Al Munawwarah and the pioneers of activity in some primary schools in Madinah on the basis and objectives of visualization Which was proposed by the current study on the development of extra-curricular activities in the light of the requirements of the development of creativity.</p> <p><strong>Statistical Processes </strong>: In this study, the researcher used the method of descriptive statistics (frequencies and percentages). The researcher did not resort to differences tests for the small study population.</p> <p><strong>Results of the study </strong>: The study concluded a series of results, most notably:</p> <ol> <li class="show">Knowledge of the proposed conception for the development of extracurricular activities in the Arabic language in light of the requirements for the development of creativity among primary school students in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.</li> <li class="show">Identify the requirements for developing creativity among primary school students in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia through extracurricular activities.</li> <li class="show">Knowing the reality of the extra-curricular activities of the primary stage in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia in light of the requirements of the development of creativity.</li> <li class="show">Know the obstacles that face the teacher in the practice of students for extracurricular activities.</li> <li class="show">To formulate the foundations and objectives of the proposed scenario for the development of extra-curricular activities in the Arabic language in light of the requirements of the development of creativity.</li> </ol> 2019-01-31T00:00:00+08:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://ojs.mediu.edu.my/index.php/arrasikhun/article/view/1977 فاعلية استخدام التقنيات الجغرافية في تنمية المهارات الخاصة بقراءة واستخدام الخرائط ، لدى طلاب الصف الأول المتوسط بالمدينة المنورة . 2019-02-04T14:36:38+08:00 صالح عبدالله الزغيبي abaaa1386@hotmail.com إيمان محمد مبروك قطب abaaa1386@hotmail.com <p>Abstract</p> <p><strong>Title of study:</strong> Effectiveness of using geographic techniques in developing reading skills and using maps for Students of the first grade of the intermediate School in Medina.</p> <p><strong>Objectives of the study:</strong> The study aims to identify reading skills and use maps, and the identification of geographic techniques that contribute to the development of reading skills and the use of geographical maps of students in the intermediate School. Book of social studies entitled "Maps and modern technologies".</p> <p><strong>Study Sample:</strong> The study sample consisted of (60) students from the intermediate stage of the first grade in one of the Madinah schools. (30) students per group after using a random sample of the study population, which is (10772) students.</p> <p><strong>Study Methodology:</strong> The researcher followed the analytical descriptive approach and experimental approach with semi-empirical design based on the choice of two groups, one experimental and the other an officer. A note card was prepared as a study tool to measure the reading skills and use of geographical maps in the sample.</p> <p><strong>Statistical treatments:</strong> The researcher was used to Analyze the study data (Alpha-Cronbach stability coefficient, Pearson correlation coefficient, Arithmetic mean, Standard Deviation, T test, and ETA-squared).</p> <p><strong>Results of the study:</strong> The study concluded a series of results, most notably:</p> <p>There were statistically significant differences at (0.05) between the average scores of the students of the experimental group and the students of the control group in the post-application for the students of the experimental group in the following skills:</p> <ol> <li class="show">Use a Scale to Measure Distance and Area on Maps .</li> <li class="show">Use Map key.</li> <li class="show">Geographical positioning system ( GPS ) .</li> <li class="show">Use Google Earth / Google Map.</li> <li class="show">Route Map.</li> </ol> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2019-02-04T01:21:05+08:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://ojs.mediu.edu.my/index.php/arrasikhun/article/view/1746 E-evaluation and its role in improving student learning by the point of view of teachers 2019-02-04T14:36:40+08:00 أمل محمد عبدالله amal_bado@hotmail.com <p><strong>E-evaluation and its role in improving student learning by the point of view of teachers</strong></p> <p>The study aimed to identify the role of e-evaluation in improving student learning from the point of view of teachers. In order to achieve the objectives of the study, the descriptive descriptive method was used in the study. The questionnaire was used as a tool for collecting data from the study sample, which consisted of (90) teacher from Schools of the brigade of Kasbah Amman. When the field data were analyzed, the results showed that the e-evaluation in improving the learning of the demand from the teachers' point of view was high. The results also showed that the degree of use of the sample of the study tools’ to the e-evaluation was medium. And that the role of e-evaluation in engaging the student in the evaluation process was high. And that there are significant differences at the level of significance (α=0.05) between the average responses of the sample of the study towards the role of e-evaluation in improving the learning of the demand from the point of view of teachers according to years of experience and scientific qualification, were in favor of the category which years of experience more than 10 years, There are differences in favor of the members of the study sample with postgraduate studies.</p> <p><strong>Keywords</strong>: e-assessment, learning improvement</p> 2019-02-04T01:25:38+08:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://ojs.mediu.edu.my/index.php/arrasikhun/article/view/1953 واقع البرامج التدريبية التخصصية لمعلمي اللغة العربية في المرحلة الثانوية بمدينة الدمام في ضوء احتياجاتهم التدريبية 2019-02-04T14:36:41+08:00 عتيق علي الزهراني atiq3020@gmail.com <p><strong>Abstract</strong></p> <p>This study aimed at monitoring the reality of specialized training programs for secondary Arabic&nbsp; teachers in Dammam in the light of their training needs .The researcher used the descriptive method to observe the training programs presented to such teachers under the service and&nbsp; investigating study literature and previous related studies which enable him to prepare the questionnaire .This sample was selected in an intentional way after the exploratory sample putting aside .</p> <p>Several standards were taken into consideration in preparing the questionnaire (questionnaire aim , building&nbsp; sources , its&nbsp; description ). The truth of implement was achieved with displaying the questionnaire on arbitrators from some professors and some specialists in education to know its truth.</p> <p>The researcher&nbsp; ascertained&nbsp; its constancy steps followed in scientific research. The study reached a group of results&nbsp; .</p> <p>The most important is that&nbsp; training needs on which the questionnaire&nbsp;&nbsp; built&nbsp; were greatly&nbsp; important&nbsp; . The arithmetic mean ranges) for training needs in the fields of academic &nbsp;specialism . Moreover ,&nbsp; the study recommended the necessity of doing&nbsp; practical&nbsp; studies handling secondary teachers in Dammam for upgrading their academic efficiency .</p> 2019-02-04T01:28:00+08:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://ojs.mediu.edu.my/index.php/arrasikhun/article/view/1713 Analysis of Gender Firstness in Sixteen Omani English Language School Textbooks 2019-02-04T14:36:43+08:00 Adnan Bataineh adnanlinguistics@gmail.com Kazeem Kayode Bakare kosimbakr@gmail.com <p><em>The purpose of this study is to examine gender firstness in sixteen Omani school textbooks used in all Omani government schools. The study sample consists of Grades 1, 4, 7 and 11 textbooks. The following categories were analyzed using content analysis: </em><em>masculine and feminine third person pronouns, titles, and names</em> <em>found in these Omani school textbooks. In general, the study results have revealed that gender bias against females is present. Females’ presence is marginal whereas males’ presence is powerful. The study findings showed that the total number of third person pronouns was 63 (males appeared before females 38 times, whereas females appeared before males 25 times). Moreover, these textbooks contained 71 proper names (males appeared before females 45 times compared to only 26 females appearing before males). In addition, Omani school textbooks contained 18 titles (12 titles were used with males compared to only 6 titles used with females). Finally, statistical analysis of the textbooks showed that there are no statistically significant differences (chi-square, likelihood ratio, and Cramer’s V) between males and females in terms of pronouns and adjectives.</em></p> 2019-02-04T01:30:37+08:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://ojs.mediu.edu.my/index.php/arrasikhun/article/view/1754 The impact of teaching using a differentiated learning strategy in academic achievement development of tenth grade students in mathematics 2019-02-04T14:36:43+08:00 أمل محمد عبدالله amal_bado@hotmail.com <p>Summary:</p> <p>The current study aimed to investigate the effect of using a differentiated learning strategy in teaching topics to solve linear equations with two variables or three of the tenth grade on the level of achievement. And the researcher has used the quasi-experimental course. And the study sample consisted of 50 female students are students of the tenth grade in Arjan Secondary School for Girls in the second semester of the academic year 2016-2017 and had been distributed into two divisions, the first division was chosen as a pilot group and consisted of (25) students studied topics using a differentiated learning strategy and the second division as a control group (25) students where they studied in the traditional manner. And the results of the study have pointed to the positive impact of the teaching of mathematics using a differentiated learning strategy on the development of the collection skill in math compared with students who studied the same subjects in the traditional manner where the results indicated that there were statistically significant differences at the significance level (α = 0.05) between the two groups the experimental and the control group in the study variable.</p> <p>Key words: a differentiated learning strategy, academic achievement.</p> 2019-02-04T01:35:15+08:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://ojs.mediu.edu.my/index.php/arrasikhun/article/view/1727 The psychological Effects of Yoga in woman: A case study of three woman at yoga center, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia 2019-02-04T14:36:44+08:00 Chafai Yasmine mimina162009@hotmail.fr عبد العالي باي زكوب bey.zekkoub@mediu.edu.my <p>Women today play an important role in the socio-economic status. It is challenging for her to balance between home and work without been under stress, she needs a strong body to fit with her new style of life. A growing body of research have emphasized the important role that yoga plays in the overall well-being. Therefore, the aim of this paper is to acknowledge the psychological effects of yoga for women in Malaysia. The present study employed a qualitative research method with case study design through a semi-structured interview with three participants who are practicing yoga for a long time in yoga center. The participants were chosen through a purposive sampling method. Seven emergent themes were found while doing the analysis: coping with stress, positive relationship with others, good temperament, overcoming the problems, the beauty of the world, improvement in sleep, and finally satisfaction with body-image. The results of this study may encourage woman from all over the world to practice yoga.</p> <p>Keywords: <strong>Yoga, Women, Psychological Effect, Themes.</strong></p> 2019-02-04T01:37:51+08:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://ojs.mediu.edu.my/index.php/arrasikhun/article/view/1663 THE METHODOLOGIES AND PRINCIPLES OF THE ISLAMIC LAW ACCORDING TO AL-IRAQI AND HIS SON, AL-HAFIZH ABU ZUR’AH, IN THE BOOK OF THARH AL-TATSRIB 2019-02-04T14:36:45+08:00 محمد إحسان abulmiqdad@gmail.com حساني محمد نور abulmiqdad@gmail.com <p style="direction: rtl;"><strong>ملخص البحث:</strong></p> <p style="direction: rtl;">هذا البحث يستهدف إلى إبراز شخصية الحافظ العراقي و الحافظ أبي زرعة العلمية، و توضيح منهجهما في كتاب "طرح التثريب"، و بيان منهج الحافظ العراقي في توظيف القواعد و الضوابط الفقهية من خلال هذا الكتاب. و المنهج الذي يسير هذا البحث هو المنهج الاستقرائي التحليلي. فقد قام الباحث باستقراء نصوص كتاب "طرح التثريب" جمعا لقواعده و ضوابطه الفقهية؛ و من خلاله، فقد تم الاستقراء على منهجية صاحبي الكتاب في تلك القواعد و الضوابط المجموعة. و يتكون البحث من: مقدمة (و فيها بيان أهمية البحث، و مشكلته، و أهدافه، و منهجه، و الدراسات السابقة)، و ثلاثة مباحث (المبحث الأول في شخصية الحافظ العراقي و ابنه العلمية، و المبحث الثاني في منهج كتاب "طرح التثريب" و مكانته العلمية، و المبحث الثالث في منهج الحافظ العراقي و ابنه في&nbsp; القواعد الفقهية في كتاب "طرح التثريب")، و الخاتمة. و تتلخص نتائج البحث في ثلاثة أمور: أولا، أن للحافظ العراقي و ابنه أبا زرعة شخصية علمية بارزة تتجلى في عدة جوانب، منها: جانب التأليف العلمي المؤصل. ثانيا، أن لكتاب "طرح التثريب" منهجا علميا متميزا في طرحه قائما على المنهج التحقيق العلمي الموسوعي. و ثالثا، أما منهج الحافظ العراقي و ابنه القواعدي يتلخص في: (1) إثبات عملي على أهمية القواعد الفقهية و مكانتها في الفقه الإسلامي، و (2) الأصالة الشرعية في القواعد الفقهية، و (3) وضع القواعد الفقهية في مسلك الاستدلال، و (4) الصياغات المختصرة للقواعد الفقهية، و (5) مراعاة تحقيق المقاصد الشرعية في القواعد، و (6) النقد على بعض القواعد الشافعية في الفقه.</p> <p style="direction: rtl;"><strong>&nbsp;</strong><strong>الكلمة المفتاحية:</strong></p> <p style="direction: rtl;">المنهج الفقهي، القواعد، الحافظ العراقي، طرح التثريب.</p> 2019-02-02T00:00:00+08:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://ojs.mediu.edu.my/index.php/arrasikhun/article/view/1536 Judgment in texte Trading by electronic contracts 2019-02-04T14:36:46+08:00 علاء أحمد القضاة alaqudah79@yahoo.com <p><strong>ABSTRACT</strong></p> <p><strong>The Judgment of the text represent a way to meet people,s needs and what they can face , conditions , events, and updates throw the proper use of the texts and exploit all of the text hidden meaning and its energy , indications and explain the Islamic legislation spirit.</strong></p> <p><strong>This researcy showed the truth and the importance of&nbsp; the Judgment in texte. and it showed the types of the texte whether if it is submitted to the the Judgment or not, and the necessary standards in the operation of the Judgment in texte, and howwe canexploite the Judgment of the texte in deriving of the provisions of&nbsp; Islamic law in conemporary issues, one of them is what we are talk about:- trading by electronic contracts.</strong></p> <p><strong>This research has emphasized that Judgment in the certain texte should be in the imphasized and understanding , we should take the provision which says that the buyer and the seller can accomplish the deal or cancel it by talking to each other not by meeting each other physically. To indicate the Islamic doctrine and its ability to keep up with the evolution of the ages and times , and give consideration to the necessity of the knowledge acceptance of the acceptor in the compact between the absent because of the advancement of the modern communications media and the complexity of the transaction to reach to the treatment balance.</strong></p> 2019-02-04T01:44:10+08:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://ojs.mediu.edu.my/index.php/arrasikhun/article/view/1546 الضوابط المنهجية للاجتهاد في المعاملات المالية المعاصرة 2019-02-04T14:36:49+08:00 توفيق عبدالرحمن القاسمي tawfeeq534@gmail.com <p style="direction: rtl;"><strong>الضوابط المنهجية للاجتهاد في المعاملات المالية المعاصرة </strong></p> <p style="direction: rtl;"><strong>إعداد : توفيق عبد الرحمن القاسمي </strong></p> <p style="direction: rtl;"><strong>جامعة السلطان آزلن شاه </strong></p> <p style="direction: rtl;"><strong>بيرا</strong></p> <p style="direction: rtl;">الحمد لله رب العالمين والصلاة والسلام على أشرف الأنبياء والمرسلين وعلى آله وصحابته أجمعين.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; أما بعد .&nbsp;</p> <p style="direction: rtl;">فإن للاجتهاد في الشريعة الإسلامية مكانة كبيرة، ومقام رفيع، وله شـأن عظيم محفوف بالخطـر، إذ هو خلافة للنبي eفي وظيفة من وظائفه في البيان عن الله تعالى، فبقدر شرفه وأجره للمقتدر المؤهل يكون خطره ووزره لمن يتصدر له بغير علم وكفائه، وانطلاقاً من هذه الأهمية. وضع العلماء شروطاً وضوابط كثيرة، لضمان تحقق المؤهلات الخلقية والكفاءة العلمية عند القائم بالاجتهاد، ونظراً للتطور الهائل الذي طرأ على الحياة المعاصرة؛ برزت الكثير من المستجدات والنوازل في شتى المجلات المختلفة ويغلب على معظمها التعقيد والتشابك، والمعاملات المالية كان لها النصيب الوافر من ذلك، فهي تقع على أنماط شتى، لا تقف عند حد معين، أو وصف ثابت تتقدم بتقدم الحياة وتطورها، مشتملة على كل ما هو جديد من صور التعاملات المالية والمصرفية المركبة، مما يجعل الاجتهاد فيها دقيق المسالك، يحتاج معه إلى معرفة المجتَهد فيه والإحاطة الكاملة به، وإدراكُ ما ينبغي مراعاته من الخصوصيات والاعتبارات التي لها تأثيراً مباشراً على الحكم الشرعي. وكذلك تحتاج إلى اعتبار لبعض الضوابط الهامة التي تضمن الوصول إلى الحكم الشرعي المناسب للواقع والموافق للشرع. وما سأقدمه في هذه الورقة هو مجموعة من الضوابط المنهجية التي يسير على المجتهد أثناء عملية الاجتهاد؛ بحيث إذا حدث الخلل في إحداها يؤثر سِلباً على النتيجة والحكم الشرعي بشأن المسألة المبحوثة.</p> <p style="direction: rtl;">وقد ابتدأت هذه الضوابط بضرورة حصول التصور المبدئي الصحيح الذي يمكِّن الناظر من الوقوف على المسألة بكل تفاصليها ودقائقها، فبقدر ما يُبذل من الجهد في تحصيل المعرفة بالواقعة المجتَهد فيه كانت النظرة أقرب إلى الصواب وأسلم من الخطأ. وبعد أن تتضح صورة المسألة في ذهن المجتهد يبدأ بعد ذلك بالبحث عن الوصف الشرعي المناسب التي يمكن أن تدخل تحته هذه المسألة، وهو ما يسمى"بالتكييف الفقهي" ثم لا بد من تحقيق التطابق بين المسألة الحادثة، والأصل المكييف عليه؛ لأن المسألة قد تكييف على أكثر من أصل؛ فيحتاج عند ذلك إلى "تحقيق المناط" ثم ينظر في مدى مناسبة الحكم الشرعي للواقع المحيط بالمسألة، ومدى تحقيق مقصد الشارع، إذ قد يكون هناك من العوائق ما يحول دون تطبيق الحكم الشرعي، بحيث يلجأ المجتهد إلى إعمال حكم آخر. وهذا ما يسمي "باعتبار المآل" وعلى ضوء ذلك يستطيع الناظر أن يحكم بناء على ما توفر عنده من علم بالمسألة.</p> <p style="direction: rtl;">&nbsp;</p> 2019-02-04T01:46:02+08:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://ojs.mediu.edu.my/index.php/arrasikhun/article/view/1577 انطلاق الفكر ومؤطراته 2019-02-04T14:36:52+08:00 نبيل أحمد بنونة nobleman137@hotmail.com وليد علي الطنطاوي nobleman137@hotmail.com <p><strong>ABSTRACT</strong></p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong></p> <p><strong>Search summary:</strong></p> <p><strong>Search title:</strong> The beginning of thought and its stimuli . <strong>Researcher name</strong>: Nabil Ben Ahmed Banonah</p> <p>Determine the extent of intellectual freedom available within the limits set by Islam. And research in the process of thinking, as well as research on how to form a sound intellectual construction. And identify intellectual parameters<strong> Aims of search:</strong> In general, this research aims to determine the extent of thought and the extent of freedom available within the Islamic boundaries set for it. Experience, <strong>so some of the following aims: I</strong>. Research the process of thinking where to occur and how to start and the role of the heart in them and the usefulness of science fiction.<strong> I I</strong>. The intellectual research regarding security, in terms of the emergence of thought and its tendencies, and how to form a sound intellectual construction.<strong> I I I</strong>. Explain some intellectual prejudices that limit the brainwashing of thought.<strong> Methodizing of the search:</strong> The searcher used descriptive, and analytical approach.<strong> Parts and chapters:</strong> The search plan, which included: Address Search- Thanks- Research Summary- Contents- Introduction- Find problematic- Research questions- research goals- Search Terms- importance of research - Structure Search- Previous studies- Research topic- search limits- Research Methodology.<strong> Splits the search</strong>: Research Title - Research Summary - Introduction - Research Problem - Research Questions - Research Objectives - Research Terminology - Importance of Research - Previous Studies - Research Subject - Research Limits - Research Methodology. Conclusion-results-recommendations-list of sources and references.<strong> Results:</strong> The importance of knowing how the process of thinking and its freedom and its framework.</p> 2019-02-04T01:53:14+08:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://ojs.mediu.edu.my/index.php/arrasikhun/article/view/1629 آيات الأحكام في كتاب المجموع للنووي من سورة المائدة إلى نهاية سورة الأعراف دراسة مقارنة بكتابي أحكام القرآن للجصاص، وأحكام القرآن لابن العربي. 2019-02-04T14:36:53+08:00 محمد أحمد بامحرم abotamem1382@gmail.com <p><u>Message summary</u></p> <p>Message summary introduction to get a doctorate in interpretation of the Koran thesis title: ayaat book total DNA from surah Al-a'raf end comparative study book Koran llgsas, Koran, Ibn Arabi.&nbsp; The message consists of: an introduction, two doors, and a conclusion, and indexes.&nbsp; Provided include: the importance of the subject, the reasons for his choice, and research objectives, and previous studies on the subject, the research methodology and research.&nbsp; And the first part deals with the theoretical study, and contains three chapters: chapter I definition of the ayaat and three detectives: first section: idiosyncratic interpretation. Second section: books on idiosyncratic interpretation. Topic III: introduction to my book: llgsas Koran, Koran, Ibn Arabi.&nbsp; Chapter II deals with the definition up front: it includes three detectives: first section: the name of Imam Nawawi, ratio, birth, early life, and death. Second topic: the scientific career, students of science, scientific expeditions, ageing, and his disciples, and the praise of scholars. Third section: books and scientific effects.</p> 2019-02-04T00:00:00+08:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://ojs.mediu.edu.my/index.php/arrasikhun/article/view/1518 Indications of prohibitions and their effect on the jurisprudential rulings: Examples from hadiths of the Ablution Book in Sahih Al-Bukhari 2019-02-04T14:36:55+08:00 Khadijah Mohd Husni khadijah1009@gmail.com ياسر محمد طرشاني yasser.tarshany@mediu.edu.my <p>This research deals with the indications of the prohibitions in the hadiths of the ablution book in Sahih al-Bukhari and their effect on the jurisprudential rulings. The problem of this topic lies in the inclarity of the prohibition indication and the most preferred meaning in the hadiths. The objectives of this research are to explain and clarify this indication in every Hadith in which the prohibition is mentioned and to deduce the impact of the prohibitions in the chosen hadiths on the jurisprudential rulings. The research implemented the inductive method where data are collected; and the analytical method through which the statements of jurists about preference process and extrapolation of jurisprudential impacts of the implications of the prohibition contained in the hadiths are analysed. The most important results of this study include, the Hadith which says: “He should not perform ablution if uncertain” indicates prohibition based on the original rule which is agreed upon by the consensus of the four schools of Islamic law; and that the discouragement of the Hadith which is the cleaning and touching the genitals with the right hand indicates abhorrence of such action because it can be classified under etiquettes. Also, the jurists agreed on the discouragement of making tawaf&nbsp; for the menstruating women indicates prohibition. Only Ibn Taymiyyah, his disciple Ibn Al-Qayyim and some contemporary scholars disagreed with them because they want to remove difficulty.</p> 2019-02-04T03:28:02+08:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://ojs.mediu.edu.my/index.php/arrasikhun/article/view/1340 العقل عند الشيعة 2019-02-04T14:37:00+08:00 Abdalla Hasan Albarghuti abdollahaldeab1972@gmail.com <p><strong>الملخص:</strong></p> <p>&nbsp; إن الله قد هيأ العقول لتكون للعباد أداةً من أدوات الإدراك والفهم والنظر والتلقي والموازنة فتنطلق في الكون سعياً لتسخيره وعمارته وإصلاحه وفق ما سنّه الله تعالى من سنن ونواميس تحقياً لمعنى الخلافة مهتدين بنور الوحي ومقاصد الشريعة .</p> <p>وكثيراً ما يدعو القرآن إلى النظر العقلي، والتفكير والتدبر ويأمره بالنظر في الأكوان لاستخراج أسرارها، والعقل حجة للتوحيد &nbsp;وهو محل معرفة الله ومناط خطابه وتكليفه، وبه يتوصل إلى مصالح الدنيا ومفاسدها، ولا يعني هذا أن العقل لا دخل له فيها، بل للعقل أثر في ذلك إلا أنه لم يكن معتمداً عليه غالباً لما له من تحكم في البشر فيرى مصلحته الآتية هي خير له وربما في الحقيقة هي شر له ولغيره، لذلك لم يكن الاعتماد عليه كل الاعتماد، كما يفعل غلاة الشيع، ومن هنا جاءت هذه الدراسة للكشف عن مفهوم العقل ومكانته عند الشيعة،&nbsp; وماهي وسائل المعرفة عند الشيعة هل هي العقل أم الشرع ؟ وما هي نظرة أهل السنة من مفهوم العقل ومكانته عند الشيعة؟ وللإجابة عن هذه الاسئلة قام البحث بتتبع آراء الشيعة في العقل وعناه عندهم وكذلك مكانته في الاحتجاج به في مسائل العقيدة وكذلك موقف أهل السنة من آراء الشيعة ، وقد قسمته إلى ثلاثة مباحث ، تناولت في المبحث &nbsp;الأول: مفهوم الشيعة للعقل ومكانته عندهم وأقسامه وفي المبحث الثاني: مظاهر الغلو عند الشيعة في العقل، وتناولت فيه كيف جعل الشيعة العقل حجة ليس ورائها حجة، وكذلك تكفير من خالفهم في رأيهم وهل معرفة الله بالوحي أم بالعقل؟ وفي المبحث الثالث: تناولت فيه مناقشة رأي الشيعة في العقل من خلال القرآن الكريم وموقف علماء السنة في العقل والتعارض العقلي والنقلي عند الشيعة وقد توصلت الى النتائج التالية&nbsp; :دليل العقل اختلف فيه الشيعة الإمامية على قولين الإفراط والتفريط فذهبت طائفة إلى رفض دليل العقل ورده بالجملة وطائفة قدسوا العقل وجعلوه حجة شرعية .ذهب متأخروا الشيعة إلى المغالاة في العقل وجعلوه الحجة التي ليس ورائها حجة،&nbsp; ومنعوا عدم جواز الخطأ في العقل.</p> 2019-02-04T00:00:00+08:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://ojs.mediu.edu.my/index.php/arrasikhun/article/view/2149 The Relationship between the Toxic Leadership and Job Satisfaction in Jordanian Universities 2019-03-25T11:41:31+08:00 SOMAIA JAMIL AHMED MOMANI al.kabiri@mediu.edu.my <p>This study aimed to identify the Relationship between the Toxic Leadership and Job Satisfaction in Jordanian Universities. Quantitative research was used to analyze the relationships between toxic Leadership and Job Satisfaction variables. The sample of the study consisted of (400) employees in Public Jordanian Universities in the North Provinces at administrative positions, questionnaire was applied to collect the data from the participants of the study. The results showed that there was a medium degree of Toxic leadership in Public Jordanian Universities in the North Provinces. Moreover, there was a medium degree of job satisfaction in Public Jordanian Universities in the North Provinces. The study revealed that there was a negative statistically significant correlation at a significant level (α≤0.05) between the sub-dimensions of toxic leadership and job satisfaction in Public Jordanian Universities in the North Provinces.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Keywords: Toxic Leadership, Job Satisfaction, Jordanian Universities.</p> 2019-03-25T11:41:31+08:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://ojs.mediu.edu.my/index.php/arrasikhun/article/view/1762 EFFECTIVENESS OF PROJECT MANAGEMENT TOOLS IN ORGANIZATIONS 2019-02-04T14:37:02+08:00 Amr Ehsan Alaghabri eng.alaghbary@gmail.com <p>This paper will focus on Project Management at the Public Telecommunication Corporation (PTC) on project success and failure, the failure of projects for organization is normally wasting organization’s time, efforts, cost or most of them. The aim of research is to obtain efficient project management tools for the organization in order to achieve a project success. The main objective for the research is to concentrate on the project management tools and techniques and the relationship in between with the effective project management techniques.&nbsp;</p> <p><strong><em>The author will try to reveal the main sources for the failure of a project due to the lack of project management tools, aiming that from this research can focus on the project management tools matters and that will be considered more serious and professional to achieve organizational objectives. The benefits of effective project management tools might not be applicable for all scales of project and procurement activity. But it can be applied at all stages in the project life cycle, from the earliest assessments of strategy to the supply, operation, maintenance and disposal of individual items, facilities or assets. It has many applications, ranging from the evaluation of alternative activities for budgets and business plans, to the management of cost overruns and delays in projects. Questionnaires have been collected through an online survey and SPSS is used to analyze the collected data after three stages of cleaning process and finally preforming the analysis phase to reveal the research findings. The findings of the research would provide the company with quite information which is believed to help the company in future about using their available resources in a best way. So, the solution shows, what would be the scenario for the company in terms of resource usage and time required, which help to use their available resources in a best possible way in case of current and test condition, while communication skill and supporting from the management could help to give suggestions to overcome the problems in the earlier section of the projects. Moreover this research supports previous literature on Project Management worldwide, however this research provides a value to most cooperation that apply project management techniques in the region of Yemen.</em></strong></p> 2019-02-04T00:00:00+08:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://ojs.mediu.edu.my/index.php/arrasikhun/article/view/1775 Investigating the Impact of SERVQUAL Dimensions on the Customer Loyalty in the Private Hospitals in the Yemeni Capital (Sana’a) 2019-02-04T14:37:03+08:00 abdalkarim65 M Shari alshihari967@gmail.com Sadun Naser Yassin Alheety Sadun.Alheety@Mediu.edu.my Mohammed Abdullah Alkhawlani Mohammed.Abdullah@Mediu.edu.my <p>This approach scrutinized the direct empirical relationship between service quality (SERVQUAL) dimensions and customer loyalty (CULY) in private hospitals in the Yemeni Capital (Sana’a) this study was conducted in five major hospitals, which are Almutawakel, Azal, Science &amp; Technology, Modern German and Yemen German. Still, the paper determined the significance the hospital environment as an optimal mediator in the relationship between service quality and customer loyalty. Comprehension of hospital environment provides valuable insights into factors playing the critical role to increase the customer loyalty rates. In this thesis, tangibility, empathy, assurance, reliability and responsiveness are posited as having an influence on customer loyalty rates in private hospitals in the Yemeni Capital. For data analysis and hypothesis testing, SEM tool and several statistical methods such as the maximum likelihood estimate and regression technique were utilized to understand the dimensionality of the variables. The outcomes demonstrated that service quality dimensions of tangibility, empathy and assurance have positive influence on customer loyalty while reliability and responsiveness have no impact on customer loyalty.&nbsp; Regression results also indicated that hospital environment have a positive influence on customer loyalty. Furthermore, hospital environment is found to be significant mediating factor in the relationship among tangibility, empathy assurance, reliability and customer loyalty in private hospitals in the Yemeni Capital. Hospital environment is found to be insignificant mediating factor in the relationship between responsiveness and customer loyalty in private hospitals in the Yemeni capital. The relationship among hospital environment, service quality dimensions, and customer loyalty proposes that increasing the quality rate of service quality would be valuable to the management of private hospitals. Based on study findings, theoretical and practical implications were discussed. Limitations and recommendations for future research were also highlighted.</p> <p><strong>Keywords</strong>: service quality. Private hospital,&nbsp; customer loyalty, service quality dimensions.</p> 2019-02-04T00:00:00+08:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://ojs.mediu.edu.my/index.php/arrasikhun/article/view/2005 Examining the Factors that affect the adoption of Islamic banking system in Syria 2019-02-04T14:37:04+08:00 Ahmad Othman ahmed.othman@mediu.edu.my Barjoyai Bardai barjoyai.bardai@mediu.edu.my <p>Islamic Banking is an important banking system offering the interest free activities based on the principle of Shariah products and services. This research is conducted to examine the factors that affect the adoption of Islamic banking in Syria. Questionnaires were designed and distributed among the banks customers in Syria. 200 questionnaire were distributed to collect the data. The results showed that the factors effecting significantly on the adoption of Islamic banking were religious, confidence, trust, and reputation. The relationship between the success implementation and the above&nbsp; factors were very significant.</p> <p>Keywords: Islamic Banking, Interest free, Shariah products and services, religious, confidence, trust, reputation.</p> 2019-02-04T00:00:00+08:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://ojs.mediu.edu.my/index.php/arrasikhun/article/view/1776 THE MEDIATING ROLE OF HOSPITAL ENVIRONMENT IN THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN SERVICE QUALITY AND CUSTOMERS LOYALTY 2019-02-04T14:37:04+08:00 abdalkarim65 M Shari alshihari967@gmail.com Sadun Naser Yassin Alheety Sadun.Alheety@Mediu.edu.my Mohammed Abdullah Alkhawlani Mohammed.Abdullah@Mediu.edu.my <p>This approach scrutinized the direct impirical relationship between service quality (SERVQUAL) dimensions and customer loyalty (CULY) in private hospitals in the Yemeni Capital (Sana’a) this study was conducted in five major hospitals, which are Almutawakel, Azal, Science &amp; Technology, Modern German and Yemen German. Still, the paper determined the significance the hospital environment as an optimal mediator in the relationship between service quality and customer loyalty. Comprehension of hospital environment provides valuable insights into factors playing the critical role to increase the customer loyalty rates. In this thesis,&nbsp; empathy and assurance are posited as having an influence on customer loyalty rates in private hospitals in the Yemeni Capital. For data analysis and hypothesis testing, SEM tool and several statistical methods such as the maximum likelihood estimate and regression technique were utilized to understand the dimensionality of the variables. The outcomes demonstrated that service quality dimensions of empathy and assurance have positive influence on customer loyalty. Regression results also indicated that hospital environment have a positive influence on customer loyalty. Furthermore, hospital environment is found to be significant mediating factor in the relationship between empathy, assurance and customer loyalty in private hospitals in the Yemeni Capital. The relationship among hospital environment, service quality dimensions, and customer loyalty proposes that increasing the quality rate of service quality would be valuable to the management of private hospitals. Based on study findings, theoretical and practical implications were discussed. Limitations and recommendations for future research were also highlighted.</p> <p><strong>Keywords</strong>: service quality. Private hospital, hospital Environment, customer loyalty.</p> 2019-02-04T00:00:00+08:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://ojs.mediu.edu.my/index.php/arrasikhun/article/view/2006 معوقات تعليم اللغة العربية لغير الناطقين بها وكيفية تيسيرها 2019-02-04T14:37:05+08:00 أحمد محمد وفيق العثمان ahmed.othman@mediu.edu.my لينا ماليني بنت مت نافي ahmed.othman@mediu.edu.my <p><strong>Difficulties of teaching Arabic language to non-native speakers and how to reduce them The objective of this research is to detect the difficulties of teaching Arabic language to non-native speakers and how to reduce them through the identification of the most obstacles to teaching Arabic language to non-native speakers, and detecting the presence of statistically significant differences at the significance level (0.05) about the difficulties of teaching Arabic language to non-native speakers, according to the research variables. The research sample will include (70) non-native Arabic speakers Students. The researcher will use the descriptive analytical approach as a method to study, and he will depend on the questionnaire as a tool for the study. The study is expected to reach several conclusions, including:</strong></p> <ol> <li class="show"><strong>The existence of difficulties related to the academic content in teaching Arabic language to non-native speakers.</strong></li> <li class="show"><strong>Lack of the availability of qualified teachers for teaching Arabic to non-native speakers.</strong></li> <li class="show"><strong>Lack of practicing classroom activities Used by teachers to promote Arabic language levels for non-native speakers.</strong></li> </ol> <p><strong>The researcher recommends a number of recommendations, including: The need to evaluate the performance of Arabic language teachers who are teaching for non-native Arabic speakers students, and to evaluate Arabic language curriculum which are taught to non-native Arabic speakers students.</strong></p> 2019-02-04T00:00:00+08:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://ojs.mediu.edu.my/index.php/arrasikhun/article/view/2008 Propose Recognition Technique Model for Arabic Islamic Manuscripts 2019-02-04T14:37:06+08:00 SHADI M. S. HILLES shadihilless@gmail.com <p>This paper presents a new method for Ancient Islamic Manuscripts Recognition and Arabic scrip recognition. The main contributions of this work is that the method of recognition and classification of the data used multilayer model of neural network, used as a technique Arabic Manuscript, the performance of the proposed method is assessed using samples extracted from a historical handwritten manuscript. Arabic text is cursive, and each character may have up to four different shapes based on its location in a word. Quite often old documents are subject to background damage. Examples of background damages are varying contrast, smudges, dirty background, and ink through page, outdated paper and uneven background, The hyper plane approach is employed as classifiers due to the low computation overhead during training and recall process.</p> <p><strong><em>Keywords:</em></strong><em> Recognition Technique, Arabic Manuscripts, Optimal hyperplane, Support vectors, Margin, Origin.</em></p> 2019-02-04T00:00:00+08:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##