Factors Affecting The Relationship Between Fairness and Employee Success: Case Study

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Titus- Agubama Chetachi Hanson Chiemerie
Abdoulrahman Aljounaidi
Zakarya Mohsen Muthanna Mohammed
Al-Harath Abdulaziz Ateik


This study aims to investigate factors of equity, on the relationship between perception of equity and work productivity in the University of Nigeria Nsukka. The framework of the study is adopted from the variables of (1) gender-based equity; (2) ethnic-based equity; (3) reward-based equity; (4) promotion-based equity; (5) education-based equity and (6) position-based equity. This framework endeavors to achieve understanding on how these variables have an impact on employees’ perception of equity and how it affects work productivity in the workplace. A survey was carried out on a sample of (318) participants by means of online questionnaire and they were selected through a stratified random sampling technique. The approach for the study is the Quantitative Analysis Methodology, and data obtained was analyzed using SPSS and AMOS. The results of the study showed that work productivity is influenced by the perception of equity. Achieving equity and creating a fair workplace environment have clear managerial implications and benefits such as, creating a sense of stability, trust, and belonging. The study highlights the importance of gender-based equity, ethnic-based equity, reward-based equity, promotion-based equity, Education-based equity and Position-based equity in Universities in Nigeria. It endeavors to recognize the impact of equity in the employee productivity, and as well suggest ways to make a more equitable work atmosphere. This research will add to the already existing knowledge about equity while capturing the six variables which have not been discussed in a whole, in previous researches.

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