Arrasikhun Journal <div style="direction: ltr;"> <p><img src="/public/site/images/ojsadmin/cover_issue_25_en_US1.jpg" alt=""></p> <p>Alrasikhun Journal :</p> <p>Biannual scientific journal, and published its scientific articles on its website at the Internet.&nbsp;</p> </div> Al-Madinah International University en-US Arrasikhun Journal 2462-2508 نقض الحكم وحجيته بين الشريعة الإسلامية والقانون الليبي <p><a name="_Toc482737364"></a>This research is about the &nbsp;conflict and disagreement on the concept of the reversal of the Islamic shariah law and Libyan, the problem of the search is&nbsp; that most of the scholars in the Islamic sharia and the four school of thoughts of Sunnis do not allow overturned the verdict of the judge if compatible with the Qur'an and the Prophetic Sunna and consensus, and the judge should have the attributes or qualities of legitimacy, while under Libyan law, the judgment reversed on appeal in the case of providing conclusive evidence is not provided for in the Quran and the sunna supports the appeal despite the qualification of the&nbsp; judge mentally and scientifically,&nbsp; thus, the quesiton comes what is the meaning of overturne the judgement&nbsp;&nbsp; between the Islamic Sharia law and Libyan? The research also aims to identify the concept of the reversal of the judgment in Islamic Sharia law and Libyan. With the Authoritative Statement of cassation in Islamic Sharia law and Libyan. The comparison between the concept of the reversal of the judgment in Islamic Sharia law and Libyan, and follow the INDUCTIVE approach and analytical and comparative researcher in the analysis of the research issues, the most important of the results reached by the cassation appeal was not aimed at re-consideration of the conflict which had already been chapter before the Supreme Court or the Council of State, but to consider whether different jurisdictions have applied the principles in the legal texts, sound judgments, and originally in Islamic jurisprudence that judge boycotted the conflict and decisively controversial; because of its authoritative and binding, other than the criminal law as to be with him to refrain from the proceedings either spent conviction and punishment or acquittal and refused to sign it, if the judgment in question is not decisive in the subject, it may not be the authoritative thing Res judicata.t is the concept of the reversal of the Islamic shariah law and Libyan.</p> سالم محمد عامر مهلهل ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-03-28 2018-03-28 3 2 1 34 البعد المصلحي في سياسة الخليفة عمر بن عبد العزيز في مجال العبادات <p>هذا البحث دراسة للبعد المقاصدي في سياسة الخليفة الراشد عمر بن عبد العزيز، المراعية لمصالح المسلمين المتعلقة بمجال العبادات، فقد بنى – رحمه الله – تدبيره لها على مجرد المصلحة من غير وجود دليل شرعي خاصّ بذلك التدبير، وانطلق البحث من إشكالية أنّ العبادات ممّا لا مجال للعقل فيها، ولا تدخلها المصلحة، كونها توقيفية لا تقبل زيادة ولا نقصان، وهذه قاعدة عامة توهم أن تصرفات الخليفة في ذلك المجال مخالفةٌ للقواعد الضابطة لباب العبادات، فهدفت الدراسة إلى بيان أنّ الأخذ بالقواعد الضابطة لهذا النوع من الفقه -كقاعدة الأصل في العبادات التوقيف- على عمومها يردّ كثيرًا من مسائل هذا الباب، عمل بها الخليفة ومرجعها المصلحة، وليس مرجعها نصٌّ خاصٌّ به، ولم يخرج مرجع تلك التصرفات عن أصول الشريعة العامة، وقد سلك البحث المنهج الاستقرائي لتتبع مسائل العبادات التي بناها الخليفة على المصلحة، والمنهج التحليلي: لتحليلها من أجل معرفة مدى اعتبارها لضوابط المصلحة التي اعتبرها العلماء من الصحابة والتابعين، وتوصل إلى نتائج أهمّها: أنّ سياسة الخليفة في مجال العبادات لم تمسّ أصلَ عبادةٍ غير معقولة المعنى، وأنّ القواعد الضابطة لها خاصّةٌ بالتي لا تعقل معناها، فما صلُحت مراعاة مصالح الناس فيه فثمّ شرع الله، كإخراج زكاة الفطر نقدًا، وإعطاء غير الأصناف الثمانية من بيت مال المسلمين.</p> دوكوي عبد الصمد ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-03-29 2018-03-29 3 2 35 49 Semi-premeditated murder And its punishment jurisprudential study compared to the Yemeni Penal Code <p>This study focuses on the subject of the premeditated murder and its punishment, This study is taken from the master's thesis of the researcher named "The crime of self-abuse and punishment is a jurisprudential study compared to the Yemeni criminal law" Because the problem of research lies in the widespread and increasing crime of murder, especially the murder of semen, Leading to a call for a change in the Yemeni Penal Code. Therefore, the researcher sought to conduct this comparative jurisprudential study with the Yemeni law in order to determine the extent of matching the semi-deliberate killing in Islamic jurisprudence with the Yemeni Penal Code, As well as to clarify the relationship between the penalties stipulated in the Islamic jurisprudence and the penalties stipulated in Yemeni law with regard to the penalties for the murder of semen, As well as to compare each crime with the penalty provided by the law, in order to determine the extent to which the manslaughter was linked to the penalties prescribed in the Yemeni Penal Code. The researcher has adopted three approaches to this study: Inductive Method, And the analytical approach, And the comparative approach, Where the provisions relating to the manslaughter and its punishment were followed, And the sayings and opinions of jurists in Islamic jurisprudence and Yemeni law and the researcher analyzed and discussed these statements and opinions and the weight of what is necessary to swing, He then compared the texts in Islamic jurisprudence with the texts in the Yemeni Penal Code for the purpose of knowing the relationship between them, As well as comparison of the crime with its penalties stipulated in the Yemeni Criminal Code, To determine the extent to which the offense is related to the offense in law. The researcher concluded his dissertation with the most important findings: That the Yemeni Code of Crimes and Penalties in relation to the murder of the manslaughter, The second result is that in some articles of the special law the provisions of the manslaughter is a defect in the relationship between the crime and its penalty stipulated in the Yemeni Penal Code, Must be reviewed, adjusted and arranged.</p> عقيل علي أحمد الشامي عمر علي أبوبكر ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-03-29 2018-03-29 3 2 50 80 التكييف الفقهي للإجارة المنتهية بالتمليك <p>This research aims at finding the fiqh adaptation of the different forms of lease-to-own (Ijarah) in order to obtain a detailed Fiqh view of this product. This Islamic financial product is one of the composed financial products (structured products) which contain several contracts the are adapted in&nbsp;different ways. Hence, this research studies these adaptations, whether these contracts were for diversifying the products and forms for&nbsp;competitive&nbsp;purposes, or to creating a&nbsp;conventional&nbsp;product and finding a legitimate trick (ḥiyal Shariah) to give it an Islamic cover. The importance of this research lies in the fact that lease-to-own (Ijarah) is one of the most important Islamic products used by the contemporary Islamic financial institutions in financing projects and attracting depositors' savings. The researcher used the inductive method to reach a complete view on the Islamic financial products; the analytical approach to understand the Islamic jurisprudence relationship (fiqh) of the contract or contracts composing a&nbsp;particular&nbsp;product; and the comparative approach. The research concluded that the lease-to-own (Ijarah), despite emerging as a conventional financial product in the conventional institutions before the&nbsp;Islamic&nbsp;institutions, has only one valid form that is free of prohibitions and&nbsp;suspicions; and the other forms contained what would prevent them from being used.</p> الطيب مبروكي ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-03-29 2018-03-29 3 2 81 108 Political Crimes between Islamic Law and Libyan Law Comparative Study <p>This research has addressed an important topic of research of contemporary issues, namely political crimes a comparative study between the Islamic sharia and Libyan law. The problem of the search is to clarify the most important issues and matters relating to political offenses Islamic Shariah point of view and comparing them to the positive law to indicate the extent of agreement between the Libyan and Islamic Sharia law and the extent of the inconsistency, Also The research aims to define the political crimes in the Islamic Sharia and Libyan law and highlight the most important points of agreement and difference between Islamic sharia and Libyan law regarding political crime, and to explaine the views and opinions of Muslim scholars on crime. the methodologys or approachs used in this study is Inductive and the descriptive and comparative, to extrapolate the doctrinal matters and then configure accurate description, and then compared to the positive law of Libya. One of the most important findings of the researcher: The emergence of the wisdom in making the death thief cutting his hand from where the necessities of coexistence and security and building construction, maintenance and preservation of the reassuring funds was the wisdom of Allah and His mercy, seeing that the deterrent punishment for a thief to spoil the people of livelihood and undermines their security on their money, the imposition of the penalty of amputation of the thief. Libyan law differs with the Islamic Sharia in the issue of cutting the robber hand, while the law made clear in article (448) that the theft punishable on the basis of a complaint from the aggrieved party and shall be punished by a term of imprisonment not exceeding three months or a fine of not more than 20 pounds on the basis of a complaint from the injured party against the theft.</p> عبد الكريم عبد الرحيم عبد الكريم الزاوي عمر علي أبو بكر ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-03-29 2018-03-29 3 2 109 136 الشعر التعليمي في ديوان "حدائق ذات بهجة" للشيخ غنيمي البرناوي <p style="direction: rtl;">تهتم هذه الدراسة بنوع من أنواع الشعر العربي نشأ منذ العصور القديمة, والذي أدلى فيه العلماء بدلائهم فأنتجوا الدواوين. وقد أنتج العلماء&nbsp;البرناويين عددا كبيرا من الشعر التعليمي تسهيلا لحفط العلوم وتحقيقه, ومن بين هؤلاء العلماء الأجلاء الشيخ العالم أبوبكر غنيمي ال برناوي.&nbsp;فهدف الباحث وهمه هو توضيح مفهوم " الشعر التعليمي " بالإضافة إلى الجمع والتحليل للمنظومات التعليمية للشيخ ولا سيما في ديوانه&nbsp;المعنون:" حدائق ذات بهجة " إضافة إلى دراسة ما فيها من القيم الفينة. وأما أهمية هذه المقالة فتكمن في مساعدة الباحثين في اللغة العربية&nbsp;والدراسات الإسلامية في استيعاب ما ألفها الشيخ من المنظومات التعلمية في مختلف الفنون المعرفية.</p> محمد الحاج ميدعو ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-03-21 2018-03-21 3 2 137 155 الانغماس اللغوي في قرية اللغة العربية انغالا – نيجيريا <p style="direction: rtl;">هذه دراسة عن مؤسسة قرية اللغة العربية انغالا بنيجيريا وما تقدمها من البرامج والأنشطة اللغوية عبر برنامج الانغماس اللغوي في تعليم اللغة، ومن هذا المنطلق تهدف هذه الدراسة المتواضعة إلى إلقاء الضوء على برنامج الانغماس اللغوي المستخدم في قرية اللغة العربية انغالا بنيجيريا، والمنهج المتبع في هذه الدراسة هو المنهج الوصفي التحليلي، وأدوات الدراسة هي الاستبيان، والمقابلة، والملاحظة، كما يستخدم الباحث الكتب والمجلات والأوراق المقدمة بالمؤتمرات في إجراء البحث، فأهمية هذه الدراسة تتضح جليا في تقديم المعلومات الأساسية للباحثين عن الأنشطة والبرامج اللغوية المقدمة في قرية اللغة العربية انغالا نيجيريا، كما توفر الدراسة معلومات عن برنامج الانغماس اللغوي في تعليم اللغة، وتستخلص الدراسة في نتائج تشير إلى أن القرية تقوي خلال برنامجها الثقافية قدرات الطلبة اللغوية، رغم أنها لم تكن كافية، لإعاقتها بمشكلات تؤخر تلك الجهود اللغوية المتعلقة بهذه المؤسسة.</p> محمد أبو بكر محمد عبد الرحيم اسماعيل عبد الواسع إسحاق ناصر الدين ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-03-29 2018-03-29 3 2 156 169 اللغة العربية بين تداعيات الحاضر، وتطلعات المستقبل- الازدواجية ومزاحمة العامية نموذجًا <p style="direction: rtl;">مما لا شك فيه أن اللغة العربية إحدى مقومات الهوية الثقافية العربية، فهي لغة القرآن الكريم نزل بها ليكتب لها الخلود؛ وبها تقام العبادات، وهي من رموز وحدة المسلمين. وهناك عداء للإسلام، وللغة الإسلام والقرآن؛ يتجلي في محاربة أعداء الإسلام للفصحي، من خلال الدعوة لأن تكون العامية لغة الكتابة والتعامل والأدب وغيرها، وهناك تداعيات في كثير من الجوانب. ومن ثم جاء هذا البحث:" اللغة العربية بين تداعيات الحاضر وتطلعات المستقبل" الازدواجية ومزاحمة العامية نموذجا ـ.؛ للفت النظر إلى ما تعانيه اللغة، ووضع بعض الحلول للمشكلات التي تواجه اللغة؛ للوقوف على مستقبل لغوي أفضل.</p> محمد شحاتة عبد الحميد الشرقاوي أشرف حسن محمد حسن ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-03-29 2018-03-29 3 2 170 192 Opinions of Islamic Studies Teachers on the Incorporation of Almajiri System of Education into Western Education in Ilorin-south, Kwara State, Nigeria <p>Almajiri system of education has deteriorated over the years and in order to rescue the deteriorating condition of the system, the Federal government of Nigeria integrated the system into the western education so that the recipients could learn both Almajiri education and Western education simultaneously. However, this issue has generated a lot of concerns to various stake holders. Against this backdrop, this paper sought the opinions of Islamic Studies teachers in Ilorin South Local Government Area of Kwara State, Nigeria on the integration of Almajiri system of education into Western education. The research was a descriptive study of cross-sectional type. Purposive sampling technique was used to select 60 respondents. The instrument for data collection is a questionnaire titled “Opinions of Islamic Studies Teachers on the Incorporation of Almajiri System Education into Western Education Questionnaire (OISSTIASEWEQ)”. Summated mean rating, the t-test and the ANOVA were the statistical tool used in this study. It was revealed that mmajority of the respondents’ opinions on the incorporation of Almajiri system of education into the Western education is positive. Also, no significant difference was found in the opinions of Islamic Studies teachers on the incorporation of Almajiri System of Education into the Western education based on gender and teaching experience. It was however recommended that an agency that would be regulating the activities of Almajiri system of education should be established</p> Abubakar Saidu Yinus Aliyu Ajani Azeez Babaelesin ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-03-26 2018-03-26 3 2 193 207 Manager’s trends in the Jordanian ministries centers towards the application of the matrix (SWOT) and the factors affecting it and its role in achieving competitive advantage: An Empirical Study <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; This study aimed to identify the trends of managers towards the application of sucking matrix SWOT, Both internal and external factors affecting them in achieving the competitive advantage of the Jordanian ministries centers And the study population of the district managers in the twenty-three ministry in Jordan for 2015 consists were infinite numbers by reference to the organizational structures in their ministries and the exclusion of the Ministry of Defense has been taking a random sample soft included (300) as director after excluding the Department of Defense to study the specificity of their work and retrieve them 260 identify valid for statistical analysis by 86.6%, a good proportion of the study, to represent the ratio of the preview for the purpose of the study sample identification and adopted statements descriptive statistical analysis and regression coefficient test and statistical analysis t And F And it was one of the most important results of There are positive relationship between carrying out environmental analysis (SWOT) And competitive advantage in the Jordanian ministries centers to cope with the upcoming competitive conditions in the Jordanian ministries, and recommended the study: the need to adopt an analysis SWOT. Form an integrated approach by senior management as a tool and means driving to achieve competitive advantage and create a distinct competencies, and seek to monitor changes in the external environment elements of the public in both its competitiveness on an ongoing basis to serve as a basis for the development of interactive successful relationships from the perspective of maximizing the use of the opportunities offered by the Jordanian ministries<strong>.</strong></p> صبا نوري الحمداني محمد الخولاني ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-03-29 2018-03-29 3 2 208 226 دراسة الجملة في كتب النحو الحديثة <p style="direction: rtl;"><strong>الملخص</strong></p> <p style="direction: rtl;">&nbsp;</p> <p style="direction: rtl;">ليس هناك طريقة سحرية أو فكرة سرية لدارسي النحو توصلنا مباشرة إلى الهدف المنشود، وهو تكوين ملكة النطق السليم لديهم، وتقويم ألسنتهم عن اللحن، لكن الوصول لتلك النتيجة القيمة إنما هو بتضافر كثير من العوامل يعددها البحث في صفحاته المقبلة، فمنهج البحث المقدم تحليلي نقدي تقويمي ، ينتهي بتدريبات &nbsp;على ما تم اقتراحه<a href="#_ftn1" name="_ftnref1">[1]</a>.فالهدف واضح، والسبيل إليه يكمن في المحتوى الدراسي ( انتقاء- ترتيبا- تدرجا) ثم يأتي من بعد ذلك التدريب الجيد القائم على أسس تجمع بين الشمول والسهولة. فإذا تحقق هذا أصبح للبحث أهمية في كونه حلقة من حلقات التيسير، وفكرة من فكر التطوير التى تنشدها المؤسسات المعنية بالمناهج التعليمية وتطويرها.</p> <p style="direction: rtl;">ولعل مما يراه البحث أن أفضل طريقة لتقويم اللسان هي محاكاة الأفكار العامة التي كان يتبعها العرب القدامى عند حديثهم الفصيح المعرب ، فالعربي القديم – عربي ما قبل تقعيد النحو – لم يك يتكئ على مصطلح أو قاعدة عند حديثه. إنما هي أطر عامة نسجها أسلافه، ثم ورثوها لمن بعدهم.</p> <p style="direction: rtl;">&nbsp;</p> <p style="direction: rtl;"><a href="#_ftnref1" name="_ftn1">[1]</a>وهي خلاصة سنوات من الخبرة ، درّس الباحثان خلالها اللغة العربية للطلاب الكبار والصغار ، عربا وعجما.</p> احمد محمد وفيق العثمان سيد محمد سيد ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-04-04 2018-04-04 3 2 227 245